Shears are machine tools used for straight cuts on sheet metal. On a swing beam shear the swing beam moves with the upper blade in a circular arc. On a guiottine shear the upper beam moves straight down.
The upper blade penetrates the metal sheet above the lower blade
Upper blade penetrates the material with an offset (blade clearance) to the lower blade
The cut is made by a pivoting movement of the swing beam. After the cut is made the upper blade moves away from the lower blade.
On guillotine shears the cut is made by a linear motion of the upper beam
The upper blade moves away from the lower blade after cutting. Upper and lower blade do not rub on each other.
Upper and lower blade rub on each other when the blade clearance is low.
The blade clearance can be easily adjusted by simply turning the cutting gap eccentric.
Tedious and costly clearance adjustment by repositioning the shear table
Swing beam cutting requires a ridig shear design. The reasonis the low rake angle, which is fix for any material thickness.
Guillotine shears use a variable rake angle. Low rake angle for thin materials. High rake angles for thicker materials. Machines can be built lighter.